Have a pure rust, highly compatible, I/O-model independent, zip reading and writing library.
This crate does not perform I/O directly. Instead, it uses a state machine, and asks for reads at specific offsets. This allows it to work under different I/O models: blocking, non-blocking, and async. It has no expectations of the zip archive being present on disk (ie. it doesn't assume
std::fs), just that random access is possible.
This crate relies fully on the central directory, not on local headers:
[local file header 1] // <---------------- ignored [file data 1] [local file header 2] [file data 2] [central directory header 1] // <--------- used [central directory header 2] [end of central directory record]
The reason for that is that the central directory is the canonical list of entries in a zip. Archives that have been repacked may contain duplicate local file headers (and data), along with headers for entries that have been removed. Only the central directory is authoritative when it comes to the contents of a zip archive.
This crate accepts what is known as "trailing zips" - for example, files that are valid ELF or PE executables, and merely have a valid zip archive appended. This covers some forms of self-extracting archives and installers.
This crate recognizes and uses zip64 metadata. This allows for a large number of entries (above 65536) and large entries (above 4GiB). This crate attempts to forgives some non-standard behavior from common tools. Such behavior has been observed in the wild and is, whenever possible, tested.
This crate attempts to recognize as much metadata as possible, and normalize it. For example, MSDOS timestamps, NTFS timestamps, Extended timestamps and Unix timestamps are supported, and they're all converted to a chrono DateTime.
Although the normalized version of metadata (names, timestamps, UID, GID, etc.) is put front and center, this crate attempts to expose a "raw" version of that same metadata whenever the authors felt it was necessary.
Whenever the zip archive doesn't explicitly specify UTF-8 encoding, this crate relies on encoding detection to decide between CP-437 and Shift-JIS. It uses encoding_rs to deal with Shift-JIS.
Due to the history of the zip format, some compatibility issues are to be expected: for example, for archives with only MSDOS timestamps, the results might be in the wrong timezone. For archive with very few files and non-UTF8 names, the encoding might not be detected properly, and thus decoding may fail.
As much as possible, nom is used to parse the various data structures used in the zip archive format. This allows a semi-declarative style that is easier to write, read, and amend if needed. Some (hygienic) macros are used to avoid repetition.
The design of the API is constrained by several parameters:
- A compliant zip reader must first read the central directory, located near the end of the zip archive. This means simply taking an
- Multiple I/O models must be supported. Whereas other crates focus on taking a
Read + Seek, or simply a byte slice, this crate aims to support synchronous and asynchronous I/O.
As a result, the structs in this crate are state machines, that advertise their need to read (and from where), to process data, or to write. As a result, I/O errors are cleanly separated from the rest, and calls to this crate never block.
See the inline rustdoc comments for more details on API design.
rc-zip is released under the MIT License. See the LICENSE file for details.